Energy Access for All

If you have been closely following the global electrification drive, you would have heard of the ‘Power for All’ campaign. It is driven by a mission to deliver energy access to all by including decentralised energy solutions, mobilizing capital and delivering high quality energy technology solutions. Power for All is supported by UK Aid, UN Environment, Climate Works among other agencies. Partners associated with power for all campaign include various agencies working on energy access in India and Sub-Saharan Africa.

William Brent, a Director in the Power for All campaign joined in the conversation on Emerging Tech Radio podcast to talk about their objectives, progress and particularly on the opportunities for cross-region collaboration between India and Africa in the space of energy access

Part 1

In the first episode, William Brent spoke about Power for All’s  campaign  objectives work and progress in India and Sub Saharan Africa. He did highlight a few key findings from IEA’s recent publication, Energy Access Outlook for 2017. The report incidentally points out to a lack of progress in electrification in Sub Saharan Africa where it is failing to keep track of the population growth in spite of increased awareness. On contrast in India nearly 500m have gained access to electricity since 2000 i.e. close to 85% of the population have access to electricity in comparison to less than 50% in 2000. With the new electrification scheme, Saubhagya, India has a target of 100% electrification by end of 2018. The power for all campaign has also greatly emphasised on the United Nations Sustainable Development goals, particularly, SDG No 7 which aims to ensure affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. The Sustainable Development Goals aim to achieve the objectives by 2030.

In the second part of our conversation where we discuss the technical collaborations that is happening between India and Sub Saharan Africa in the space of energy access and what are the key challenges to be addressed if the energy access for all is to be a global reality.

Part 2

You can find out more about the topic here.

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The Sustainable Development Goals

What are these?

SDG

Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is a set of goals defined by the United Nations (UN) under ‘Transforming our World-the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’. It is a list of 17 goals with 169 targets that encompasses a wide range of issues that is relevant both to the developed and the developing world. The UN wishes to achieve these by the end of 2030 but realistically it would be happy if it achieves a few and makes significant progress on the rest just like the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) that was operational between 2000-2015.

How different is it to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)?

The SDGs are similar to the MDGs in terms of a few goals like Ending Global Poverty, Providing Education for all, Ensuring better health facilities and achieving gender equality. The common goals have a big focus on the under developed and developing economies. The big differentiation between the MDG and SDG is on the aspect of inclusiveness that SDG tries to bring in by including goals like reducing inequality within countries, ensure sustainable energy and take action to combat climate change. These are highly relevant to the developed world.

How can these help countries?

The SDGs are specific and have individual targets on which the progress can be measured and tracked. International organisations could use the benchmark performance indices of the countries against the goals in structuring development plans. It also helps countries and international organisations to link their proposed aid to the performance of the countries against the benchmarked targets. It creates a sense of accountability to the countries that receive aid. This significantly reduces the service and financial delivery gap that existed to an extent with the MDG.

SDG1

The key variable

The goal No. 1 continues to be Eradicating Poverty which in definition relates to the World Bank poverty limit which has been raised to $1.90/person/day up from $1.25. I personally believe this could be the key variable for countries to work around SDG because the poverty limit is highly country specific but it could be defined in a way, say $0.5 has to be spent on housing and $0.2 has to be spent on health. The SDG provides a vision statement and the governments could map them onto the local data in evaluating the existing gap and implementing policies to address them. Policies aimed at creating sustainable cities and communities shouldn’t drive the price beyond the reach of people at the poverty threshold i.e. sustainable housing shouldn’t cost $0.7 when the affordability is at $0.5. Likewise lack of medical policies will make people more sick and deprive them of an opportunity to earn, they would end up spending more than what they could afford. It is important to put a cost on every goal which will ensure inclusive sustainable development.

Overall, the Sustainable Development Goals are broad, inter-related and encompass a global vision. I believe there aren’t going to be a single /set of policy that enable a transformation to a sustainable economy. It is about a bigger idea and a vision that encompasses both the Government and the corporations for which the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is ideal. It has both the breadth and depth that is needed for the government and incorporates the criteria of ownership, internal-alignment, harmonization and accountability to create an impact in transitioning to a sustainable economy by 2030.

Sustainable Development Goals

September is here and its time for the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit. The annual September meeting at the UN is significant this year as we are expected to adopt the Sustainable Development goals.UNSDS

This follows the end of Millennium Development Goals that were set in 2000 to be achieved before 2015. Though not all of the 8 goals are a success, but the MDG has been a success story throughout the globe.

The proceedings of this year’s UN meet will be started by the Pope. Pope Francis has been a great patron of climate change. (Read his encyclical here).  The summit is expected to be a launch pad for global action until 2030.

The three main themes of the SDG are

  • End extreme poverty
  • Fight inequality and injustice
  • Fix climate change

UNSustainableDevelopmentGoals_Brand-01

The Complete list of the 17 SDGs can be found here.